Commission on Sustainable Development 15th session, 11 May 2007

Sectors : Energy, Regional cooperation and integration, Industry, Investment, Financial Institutions, markets, services and microfinance, Environmental degradation and natural resource management, International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade, Regional trade, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions, Climate change - general, Gender and economic opportunity, Sustainable development, Gender and social development, Women's rights
Date made: 
2007

Commitments

Commitments in: Development partnerships - Regional cooperation and integration

“19. Take actions to:
(a) Strengthen international, regional and subregional cooperation, as appropriate, in order to implement the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fifteenth session, and other relevant decisions on energy for sustainable development;
(b) Enhance regional and subregional arrangements, as appropriate, to increase energy access in urban, rural and remote areas, facilitate resource mobilization and enhance energy availability, efficiency, capacity-building, knowledge creation and sharing and provision of local energy services, with a particular attention to the needs of women and youth;
(c) Support the national and regional efforts of the developing countries in implementation of energy policies in the framework of national sustainable development strategies and national development plans, as well as the implementation of the decision of the Commission on Sustainable Development at its fifteenth session, and other relevant decisions on energy for sustainable development;
(d) Foster international and regional cooperation in developing and deploying renewable energy technologies and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and encourage international and regional cooperation for capacity-building, including through North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation;
(e) Strengthen international support for the implementation of national and regional energy efficiency programmes, including investment in, and the transfer of, modern energy efficiency technologies that are environmentally sound, costeffective and socially acceptable;
(f) Encourage and strengthen the Partnerships for Sustainable Development of the Commission on Sustainable Development secretariat in facilitating energy sustainability, including through increased cooperation with international financial institutions, international organizations, the private sector, non-governmental organizations and other stakeholders;
(g) Strengthen cooperation between national and regional energy institutions on energy for sustainable development and encourage networking in research and development, including through the promotion of cyber laboratories and centres of excellence;
(h) Support a robust and sustainable energy system at national and regional levels, and the maintenance and improvement of energy production and transport infrastructure, including pipeline, transmission and distribution facilities;
(i) Enhance and facilitate, as appropriate, regional cooperation in the field of generation, transmission and distribution of energy, including through sustainable exploration and utilization of regional hydroelectric potentials, interconnection of electricity grids, oil and natural gas pipelines and cross-border energy trade;
(j) Encourage regional and international financial institutions to expand, and the Global Environment Facility to continue its support for energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technology, and facilitate access to funding for developing countries, particularly least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States;
(k) Promote investment and partnerships for the development of sustainable, energy efficient multimodal transportation systems aiming at providing safe, affordable and efficient transportation;
(l) Create partnerships with regional and international financial institutions, including regional development banks, to promote energy access, energy efficiency, energy saving, renewable energy and advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies and the allocation of financial resources;
(m) Increase international support for national efforts to adopt standards and labelling for energy-efficient appliances and consumer equipment, as well as international harmonization, if appropriate, of testing and certificating methods;
(n) Encourage cooperation on effective ways and means to eliminate the dumping of hazardous energy wastes and obsolete products in developing countries;
(o) Strengthen initiatives to create and foster international cooperation on bioenergy, including biofuels, with a view to ensuring that bioenergy is produced and used sustainably, taking into account an adequate balance between food security and bioenergy production, as well as the sustainable use of natural resources, according to national circumstances;
(p) Improve the functioning, transparency and information related to energy markets to promote greater stability and predictability, both with respect to supply and demand;
(q) Enhance regional and international dialogue and understanding between energy producing and consuming countries;
(r) Enhance international cooperation in the implementation of relevant General Assembly resolutions relating to energy for sustainable development.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Industry

“23. Take actions to:
(a) Formulate national policy frameworks, including legislation and regulations, as appropriate, to create an enabling environment for sustainable industrial development and diversification, private sector investment, and enhanced domestic environmental governance, and the adoption of improved environmental management practices and environmentally sound technologies;
(b) Enhance the mobilization of technical and financial resources for basic infrastructure to facilitate sustainable industrial development in developing countries;
(c) Support technological upgrading for sustainable industrial development, including, inter alia, through existing national and international investment funds, building the capacity of standards, testing and certification bodies, and stronger industry-academia collaboration on research and development;
(d) Enhance efficient and sustainable use by industry of natural resources and energy, sound chemicals management, pollution reduction, waste minimization and recycling and reuse, including, as appropriate, through the provision of financial and technical assistance, in particular to developing countries;
(e) Strengthen business capacity, in particular for small and medium-sized enterprises and in particular in developing countries and countries with economies in transition, to address unsustainable industrial practices and to implement supportive management approaches, including through better access to loan and credit programmes, and financial and technical support for cleaner production programmes and centres, such as the United Nations Industrial Development Organization/United Nations Environment Programme cleaner production centres, and universities and other institutions of higher learning;
(f) Invite business and industry to improve social and environmental performance through voluntary innovative management and reporting practices, including, inter alia, environmental management system approaches, and taking into account other relevant agreements and guidelines on sustainable development, such as the Global Reporting Initiative, using where appropriate science based approaches such as life-cycle analysis for innovative sustainable product development processes;
(g) Invite the development and adaptation of voluntary public-private corporate environmental and social responsibility and accountability initiatives that take into account the International Labour Organization Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work,n including, inter alia, the Global Compact;o
(h) Promote sustainable patterns of consumption and production by all countries, with developed countries taking the lead and with all countries benefiting from the process, including, inter alia, through the three Rs initiative (reduce, reuse, recycle), education and awareness-raising to encourage lifestyle changes and through intensifying research on and adaptation of resource-efficient technologies, and technological innovation and cooperation, taking particularly into account the needs and capabilities of developing countries;
(i) Promote sustainable tourism, including ecotourism and, in this regard, support efforts of developing countries, including in least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States;
(j) Encourage closer cooperation and dialogue among government, local authorities, business and industry, the scientific and technological community, workers and trade unions, farmers, non-governmental organizations, women, youth, indigenous people and local communities and other key stakeholders in order to promote effective voluntary business and consumer actions to enhance sustainable consumption and production, as well as full, freely chosen and productive employment and decent work;
(k) Enhance sustainable utilization and management of marine resources, fisheries based on coral reef ecosystems, aquaculture industries and seafood processing, and support efforts of developing countries in this regard, especially in small island developing States.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Investment

Means of implementation
25. Take actions to:
(a) Encourage investment in new and more efficient production facilities and products and the adoption and use of cleaner technologies;
(b) Strengthen investment in capacity-building, in particular in developing countries and in countries with economies in transition, as appropriate, education and skills development to enhance the industrial skill base, to improve employment and entrepreneurship opportunities for women and youth on a non-discriminatory basis, and to reduce any negative social impacts, when applicable, related to industrial restructuring;
(c) Promote innovation and entrepreneurship by enhancing access to credit, including microfinancing, by small-scale entrepreneurs, to support involvement of, inter alia, women, youth and local communities in industrial business activities.

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Energy

“16. Take actions to:
(a) Further diversify energy supply by developing advanced, cleaner, more efficient, affordable and cost-effective energy technologies, including advanced and cleaner fossil fuel technologies and renewable energy technologies, including, as appropriate, hydropower, geothermal, wind, solar, hydrogen, tidal and ocean and bioenergy, such as biofuels, and their transfer to developing countries, on concessional terms, as mutually agreed;
(b) With a sense of urgency, substantially increase the global share of renewable energy sources with the objective of increasing its contribution to total energy supply, recognizing the roles of national and voluntary regional targets, as well as initiatives, where they exist, and ensuring that energy policies are supportive of the efforts of developing countries to eradicate poverty, and regularly evaluate data to review progress to this end;
(c) Substantially increase, as a matter of urgency, the global share of renewable energy in the energy mix, including, as appropriate, solar thermal, photovoltaic, biomass including biofuels, wind, hydro, tidal, ocean and geothermal and other forms of renewable energy in accordance with the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and national plans;
(d) Make greater use of effective policy tools, such as voluntary national, subnational or regional goals, programmes and targets, as appropriate, to increase access to energy, energy efficiency and the share of renewable energies;
(e) Policies to reduce market distortions would promote energy systems compatible with sustainable development through the use of improved market signals and by removing market distortions, including restructuring taxation and phasing out harmful subsidies, where they exist, to reflect their environmental impacts, with such policies taking fully into account the specific needs and conditions of developing countries, with the aim of minimizing the possible adverse impacts on their development;
(f) Where appropriate, to phase out subsidies in this area that inhibit sustainable development, taking fully into account the specific conditions and different levels of development of individual countries and considering the adverse effect, particularly on developing countries.”

Scope: 
International

“Follow-up on energy for sustainable development
20. Decides to devote in 2010 and 2014, without prejudice to the programme, organization and methods of work of the Commission adopted at its eleventh session, a period of time to be determined by the Bureau in advance, using one or two days as benchmarks, to monitor and follow up the implementation of decisions on energy for sustainable development and the means of implementation, taken at the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation and the Commission on Sustainable Development at its ninth and fifteenth sessions.”

Scope: 
International

21. Take actions to:
(a) Mobilize financial resources, including from the public and private sector, increased official development assistance, microcredit and innovative funding for renewable energy, energy efficiency, cleaner fossil fuel and other energy;
(b) Create a positive investment climate at all levels to attract private capital for energy projects;
(c) Encourage transfer and dissemination of cleaner energy technologies, including advanced, cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
(d) Encourage the development of carbon capture and storage and enhanced oil recovery technologies with developed countries accelerating their development in contributing to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions;
(e) Increase investments and strengthen public/private partnerships in research and development to develop the new, advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies;
(f) Support and promote the use of cleaner liquid and gaseous fossil fuels, including through creating appropriate investment conditions for liquefied natural gas and gas-to-liquid trade, and develop the global liquefied natural gas/gas-toliquid market to increase access to cleaner forms of fossil fuel energy;
(g) Promote foreign direct investment for the development of the resource base, including fossil fuels, sustainable production and use of biofuels and other renewable sources of energy;
(h) Support the establishment and further development of energy service companies through capacity-building at the national level;
(i) Encourage international financial institutions to increase their funding in developing countries to improve energy efficiency in local and national electricity grids, including through reduction of electricity losses in transportation and distribution networks.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Trade - International trade: market access, subsidies and aid for trade

“Subregional, regional and global international cooperation
24. Take actions to:
(a) Encourage continued international efforts to support developing countries in building capacities for environmental impact assessments, including, as appropriate, strategic environmental assessments of national and regional plans and programmes and, in this regard, to provide support, as mutually agreed, to developing countries at the local, national and, where they exist, regional levels;
(b) Pursue progress in the field of sustainable consumption and production patterns through full commitment to the Marrakesh process and its task forces;
(c) Improve market access for products of importance to developing countries by reducing or, as appropriate, eliminating tariffs, including the reduction or elimination of tariff peaks and tariff escalation, as well as non-tariff barriers, to enable developing countries to make full use of their comparative advantages, and work towards a successful completion of the Doha Round of World Trade Organization negotiations;
(d) Support trade-related capacity-building in developing countries, including for customs procedures simplification, trade promotion and quality control;
(e) Enhance capacity in developing countries for developing, implementing and enforcing regulations, codes and standards;
(f) Support technology transfer on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, especially of environmentally sound technologies, and mobilize financial resources for sustainable industrial development in developing countries;
(g) Strengthen North-South, South-South and triangular technology cooperation, including joint research and development between developed and developing countries;
(h) Strengthen international support, including support of relevant United Nations organizations for promotion and dissemination activities relating to trade and investment opportunities in developing countries, including small island developing States.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Environment - Environmental degradation and natural resource management

“27. Take actions to:
(a) Improve information dissemination of, and the knowledge base on, sources and health impacts of indoor air pollution, in particular on women, children and workers, and provide financial and other resources to support programmes and other activities that address adverse health impacts, including public awareness campaigns on indoor air pollution from all sources in developing countries;
(b) Replicate and increase, as appropriate, successful approaches and best practices and partnerships to reduce indoor air pollution, such as the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air, with a priority focus on practical initiatives that improve air quality;
(c) Accelerate the transition from inefficient utilization of biomass to cleaner energy sources, technology and appliances for cooking and heating, and support efforts to disseminate improved biomass-based technologies, and provide incentives for switching to cleaner fuels and technologies;
(d) Develop strategies for sustainable urban and land-use planning that integrates sustainable urban transport systems, industrial plant location and waste disposal siting and facilities;
(e) Promote the establishment of country and regional air quality standards and norms, taking into account World Health Organization air quality guidelines as appropriate;
(f) Improve control of emissions, including through, as appropriate, the establishment of emission limit values from different sources to mitigate air pollution, including, inter alia, through modernizing and upgrading thermal electric power plants, making the extraction and processing of fossil fuels more efficient, reducing emissions from gas flaring and venting and emissions from transport;
(g) Improve urban air quality through utilization of cleaner fuels and technologies;
(h) Expand the use of advanced energy technologies, including cleaner fossil fuels and renewable energy technologies, and support market development for the deployment of clean energy and production technologies;
(i) Improve collection, compilation and analysis of data, as well as capacities to measure and monitor air pollution and its impact on human health;
(j) Promote less polluting public and mass transport systems;
(k) Encourage improved inspection and maintenance requirements for all vehicles;
(l) Encourage public and private sectors to switch to more fuel/energyefficient vehicles, including through legislation, as appropriate;
(m) Develop and implement national standards and market and non-market incentives to improve fuel and vehicle efficiency and the use of technologies that reduce emissions.”

Scope: 
International

“Regional, subregional and international cooperation
28. Take actions to:
(a) Strengthen regional and subregional cooperation for improved air quality and control of transboundary air pollution, both anthropogenic and naturally occurring, using an approach that combines, as appropriate, monitoring, abatement, research, or policy formulation, as well as sharing of regional experiences, and encourage countries to cooperate in relevant regional and subregional frameworks and mechanisms agreed upon by countries concerned;
(b) Encourage the sharing, on a voluntary basis, of regional and subregional experiences that address transboundary air pollution, such as the Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution and the Air Pollution in the Mega-Cities of Asia project;
(c) Increase subregional, regional and international cooperation on collection, management, and dissemination of sound and updated scientific data and best techniques to improve air quality;
(d) Promote policies to reduce air pollution and the use of ozone-depleting substances and improve air quality, bearing in mind that such policies can have important co-benefits in addressing climate change;
(e) Encourage enhanced cooperation and, as appropriate, combined efforts of relevant international bodies in the implementation of multilateral environmental agreements;
(f) Invite Member States, to the extent that they have not yet done so, to consider ratifying or acceding to the Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone ____36F _ and the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone L____37F _ and its amendments;
(g) Support measures to address illegal traffic in ozone-depleting substances under the Montreal Protocol framework;
(h) Strengthen systematic observation of the Earth’s atmosphere by means of satellite, aerial and in situ monitoring systems, and increase scientific cooperation by, for example, making the results available for the use of all countries, especially developing countries;
(i) Support, as appropriate, international monitoring programmes, such as the Global Earth Observation System of Systems and the Global Climate Observing System;
(j) Support initiatives such as the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles for phasing out the remaining use of leaded gasoline, and work to reduce sulphur content in fuels, and the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air and the Global Partnership for Reduction of Mercury Emissions from Coal-fired Utilities, as well as assist those countries that wish to replace methyl tertiary butyl ether in gasoline.”...
... (a) Promote the transfer of affordable, efficient and environmentally sound technologies on favourable terms, including on concessional and preferential terms, as mutually agreed, for cleaner operating vehicles, traffic management and cleaner fuels, including advanced cleaner fossil fuels, renewable and alternative fuels, inter alia, through the involvement of the private sector;
(b) Invite donors to continue providing financial resources during the next replenishment of the multilateral fund under the Montreal Protocol;
(c) Enhance capacity-building, institutional strengthening and involvement of the private sector and all other relevant stakeholders in the work of improved air quality, taking into consideration the special circumstances and needs of developing countries, particularly small island developing States, least developed countries and landlocked developing countries;
(d) Assist developing countries, as well as countries with economies in transition, to build capacity for monitoring, construction and updating of emissions inventories, and measuring and assessing the impacts of air pollution, and to promote the exchange of air emission information;
(e) Promote investment and partnerships for the development of sustainable, energy efficient multimodal transportation systems;
(f) Invite international organizations and donors to expand their support for developing countries with significant amounts of naturally occurring air pollution, particularly dust, sandstorms, forest fires and volcanic ash, including through capacity-building for early warning, monitoring and preventive measures;
(g) Support development of appropriate technology and measures to reduce emissions from burning and incineration of waste;
(h) Facilitate the transfer of environmentally sound and affordable waste management and disposal and recycling technologies to developing countries.”

Scope: 
International

Commitments in: Gender - Gender and social development

“14. Decides to call on Governments to mainstream gender considerations, in particular the role of women in management and decision-making, at all levels, which is crucial for the implementation of the interlinked issues of energy for sustainable development, industrial development, air pollution/atmosphere and climate change.”

Scope: 
International