World Summit on Food Security, Rome 16-18 November 2009: Declaration

Sectors : Agricultural and biotechnology, International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions, Energy, climate change and technology, Science, research and technology general, Regional cooperation and integration, Agriculture trade, Food security
Organisation : FAO
Date made: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Technology - Agricultural and biotechnology

28. We will promote research for food and agriculture, including research to adapt to, and mitigate climate change, and access to research results and technologies at national, regional and international levels. We will reinvigorate national research systems, in particular in Africa, and will share information and best practices. We will improve access to knowledge. We will improve the quality of national agricultural statistics and early warning and forecasting systems for food insecurity and vulnerability, thus providing a sound basis for agricultural policy and strategies. We will make full use of North-South, South-South and triangular cooperation.

29. We will support national, regional and international programmes that contribute to improved food safety and animal and plant health, including prevention and control of transboundary animal and plant pests and diseases. We will adopt policies and programmes to promote effective national food safety systems, covering all stages of the food chain and involving all actors, that ensure the compliance of food products with science-based international standards, and that improve food safety and quality for our populations. We will actively encourage the consumption of foods, particularly those available locally, that contribute to diversified and balanced diets, as the best means of addressing micronutrient deficiencies and other forms of malnutrition, especially among vulnerable groups.

30. We will continue to address the challenges and opportunities posed by biofuels, in view of the world’s food security, energy and sustainable development needs. We are convinced that the continuation of in-depth studies is necessary to ensure that production and use of biofuels are sustainable in accordance with the three pillars of sustainable development and take into account the need to achieve and maintain global food security. We are further convinced of the desirability of exchanging experiences on biofuel technologies, norms and regulations. We call upon the relevant intergovernmental organizations, including FAO, within their mandates and areas of expertise, with the involvement of national governments, partnerships, the private sector and civil society, to foster coherent, effective and results-oriented international dialogue on biofuels in the context of food security and sustainable development needs.”


Commitments in: Development partnerships - International partnerships and support for Pan-African institutions

“We decide to:...

...7.2 Join our efforts and expertise to work in the Global Partnership for Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition – building on existing structures to enhance governance and cooperation – promote better coordination at global, regional and national levels and ensure that national and regional interests are duly voiced and considered. We therefore commit to fully implement the reform of the CFS, which, as the foremost inclusive international and intergovernmental platform for a broad range of committed stakeholders to work together, is a central component of our efforts to further advance the Global Partnership for Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition.”


“Principle 2: Foster strategic coordination at national, regional and global level to improve governance, promote better allocation of resources, avoid duplication of efforts and identify response-gaps.

11. The Global Partnership for Agriculture, Food Security and Nutrition will strive to achieve strategic coordination of efforts at national, regional and global level, building on existing structures; ensuring inclusiveness of participation; and promoting a genuine bottom-up approach based on field-level experiences and developments.”


“Principle 4: Ensure a strong role for the multilateral system by sustained improvements in efficiency, responsiveness, coordination and effectiveness of multilateral institutions.

32. In this regard, we reaffirm our commitment to multilateralism and commit ourselves to strengthening the ability of the United Nations institutions, especially FAO, IFAD and WFP, and of other multilateral organizations at global, regional and national levels to fulfil their roles in understanding of the root causes of hunger and to fashion appropriate responses. We therefore commit to strengthening the multilateral system in the channelling of resources and in the promotion of policies dedicated to fighting hunger and malnutrition.

33. We support a well-functioning multilateral trading system for the benefits it can bring to all and contribute to enhancing the integration of the developing countries in the system.

34. We encourage intensified coordination among all UN agencies, especially among FAO, IFAD and WFP, and the international financial institutions (IFIs). The UN institutions must continue to work together as a system, in accordance with their respective mandates, in order to increase their effectiveness. We recognize, in this regard, the important work undertaken by the UN High-Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis (HLTF). We encourage United Nations reform efforts aimed at improving the efficiency and impact of UN development activities and in this respect take note of ongoing intergovernmental consideration of the UN system-wide coherence initiative. We commit to strengthen international coordination, including through the reformed CFS, which includes among its participants HLTF and the relevant UN Agencies and IFIs.

35. We support the ongoing reform process in FAO and commit to the timely and full implementation of the FAO Immediate Plan of Action, aimed at enabling the Organization to better respond to the needs of its Members and to achieve the goals contained in its new Strategic Framework. We also support the reform processes under way in the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research and in the global agricultural research system through the Global Forum on Agricultural Research.”


Commitments in: Agriculture - Agriculture trade

“4. ...We reaffirm the importance of international cooperation and solidarity as well as the necessity of refraining from unilateral measures not in accordance with the international law and the Charter of the United Nations and that endanger food security. We call for open markets as they are an essential element of a global food security response.”


Commitments in: Agriculture - Food security

“8. To achieve these strategic objectives, we shall base our commitments and actions on the following Five Rome Principles for Sustainable Global Food Security:


Principle 1: Invest in country-owned plans, aimed at channelling resources to welldesigned and results-based programmes and partnerships.

9. We reaffirm that food security is a national responsibility and that any plans for addressing food security challenges must be nationally articulated, designed, owned and led, and built on consultation with all key stakeholders. We will make food security a high priority and will reflect this in our national programmes and budgets.

10. We will intensify international support to advance effective country-led and regional strategies, to develop country-led investment plans, and to promote mutual responsibility, transparency and accountability. A good example of these elements is contained in the Accra Agenda for Action. We recognize and support the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) under the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) as a good example providing a framework through which we can coordinate our support for agriculture and food security. We also recognize and support similar efforts in other regions such as the “Latin America and the Caribbean Without Hunger 2025” initiative, the “ASEAN Integrated Food Security Framework” and the “Riyadh Declaration to Enhance Arab Cooperation to Face World Food Crises.””