The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD), October 2001

Sectors : Employment and Training, Industry, Science, research and technology general, Investment, Regional trade, Infrastructure General
Organisation : AU
Date made: 
2001
Level: 
Heads Of State
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Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Industry

“158. Objectives
- To increase the production and improve the competitiveness and diversification of the domestic private sector, especially in the agro-industrial, mining and manufacturing subsectors, with potential for exports and employment creation;

- To establish organisations on national standards in African countries;

- To harmonise the technical regulatory frameworks of African countries.

159. Actions
At the African level:

- Develop new industries or upgrade existing ones, where African countries have comparative advantages, including agro-based industries, energy and mineral resource-based industries;

- Acquire membership of the relevant international standards organizations...

...- Establish national measurement institutions to ensure harmonisation with the international metrology system. Such activities will always remain the responsibility of government;

- Ensure that testing laboratories and certification organisations are set up to support the relevant national technical regulations. Where they do not exist, such organisations should be established as soon as possible;

- Establish an accreditation infrastructure, such as the International Standards Organisation (ISO) system, which is acceptable internationally. Such an accreditation infrastructure can be nationally based where the industry is strong enough to maintain it, otherwise regional structures should be contemplated. Appropriate funding to ensure membership of international structures such as the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) should be made available;

- Pursue mutual recognition of test and certification results with Africa’s major trading partners. Generally, this will only be possible if the framework for standards, technical regulations, measurement, tractability and accreditation are in place and can be shown to meet international requirements.

At the international level:

- Facilitate partnership through the development of mechanisms, such as joint business councils, for information-sharing between non-African and African firms and for working towards the establishment of joint ventures and subcontracting arrangements;

- Assist in strengthening African training institutions for industrial development, particularly through the promotion of networking with international partners;

- Promote the transfer of new and appropriate technologies to African countries;

- Develop and accept a best-practice framework for technical regulations that meet both the requirements of the World Trade Organisation.s (WTO) Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and the needs of Africa. The technical regulation frameworks of the developed countries may be too complex for many African countries;

- Establish standards bureaux, which would provide the industry and government with the necessary information on international, regional and national standards, thereby facilitating market access. These centres should be linked to the relevant international, regional and national standards information centres so that the latter can act as the national WTO/TBT enquiry points;

Ensure the development of appropriate regional and national standards through the establishment of appropriate technical committee structures representing the stakeholders of the countries, as well as managing such committees in line with ISO/IEC directives and WTO/TBT requirements.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Private Sector development and financial services for the poor - Investment

“Promoting the Private Sector

163. Objectives
- To ensure a sound and conducive environment for private sector activities, with particular emphasis on domestic entrepreneurs;

- To promote foreign direct investment and trade, with special emphasis on exports;

- To develop micro-, small and medium enterprises, including the informal sector.

164. Actions
At the African level:

- Undertake measures for enhancing the entrepreneurial, managerial and technical capacities of the private sector by supporting technology acquisition, production improvements, and training and skills development;

- Strengthen chambers of commerce, trade and professional associations and their regional networks;

- Organise dialogue between the government and the private sector to develop a shared vision of economic development strategy and remove constraints on private sector development;

- Strengthen and encourage the growth of micro-, small and medium-scale industries through appropriate technical support from service institutions and civil society, and improve access to capital by strengthening microfinancing schemes, with particular attention to women entrepreneurs.

At the international level:
- Promote entrepreneurial development programmes for training managers of African firms;

- Provide technical assistance for developing an appropriate regulatory environment, promoting small, medium and micro-enterprises and establishing microfinancing schemes for the African private sector.”

Scope: 
Africa

Commitments in: Infrastructure - Infrastructure General

“102. Objectives
- To improve access to, and affordability and reliability of, infrastructure services for both firms and households;

- To enhance regional cooperation and trade through expanded cross-border development of infrastructure;

- To increase financial investments in infrastructure by lowering risks facing private investors, especially in the area of policy and regulatory frameworks;

- To build adequate knowledge and skills in technology and engineering with a view to installing, operating and maintaining hard infrastructure networks in Africa.

103. Actions
- With the assistance of sector-specialised agencies, put in place policy and legislative frameworks to encourage competition. At the same time, introduce new regulatory frameworks and build capacity for regulators, so as to promote policy and regulatory harmonisation in order to facilitate cross-border interaction and market enlargement;

- Increase investment in infrastructure, especially refurbishment, and improve system maintenance practices that will sustain infrastructure;

- Initiate the development of training institutions and networks that can develop and produce highly skilled technicians and engineers in all infrastructure sectors;

- Promote community and user involvement in infrastructure construction, maintenance and management, especially in poor urban and rural areas, in collaboration with the governance initiatives of the New Partnership for Africa’s Development;

- Work with the African Development Bank and other development finance institutions on the continent to mobilise sustainable financing, especially through multilateral processes, institutions and donor governments, with a view to securing grant and concessional finance to mitigate medium-term risks;

- Promote public-private partnerships (PPPs) as a promising vehicle for attracting private investors, and focus public funding on the pressing needs of the poor, by building capacity to implement and monitor such agreements;...”

Scope: 
Africa